How to CITE When citing UKMOD, please use: Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, UKMOD: Version A1.5+ [software and model], April 2020 Acknowledgement of the model: The results presented here are based on UKMOD version A1.5+. UKMOD is maintained, developed and managed by the Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) at the University of Essex. The process of extending and updating UKMOD is financially supported by the Nuffield Foundation, based on the annual update of the UK component of EUROMOD funded by the European Union Programme for Employment and Social Innovation “EaSI” (2014-2020). The results and their interpretation are the author’s(’) responsibility. When citing earlier versions of the model, please replace the version number as appropriate. When citing and acknowledging the data used, you should be guided by the individual agreement you have made with the UK Data Service in accessing the Family Resources Survey data.